- Dubai history
Before making your trip to Dubai
, you can learn about the history of this city to grasp all the subtleties. You will be able to make the most of your stay to live cheap travel in luxury fully.
Dubai first enters the records of British India in 1799. It is possible that Dubai existed under alternate names earlier than this. It is understandable to expect some degree of confusion between the settlements of Dubai and Dibba in the earliest records. Dubai may have been known as Al-Wasl, now the name of a very familiar road and area within modern day Dubai.
By the beginning of the 19th Century, it seems that Dubai was a dependency of Abu Dhabi, inhabited by the Bani Yas tribe. In approx 1833 there was a split amongst the ranks of the Bani Yas. It is estimated that 800 members of the tribe moved to Dubai after a dispute with the ruler of Abu Dhabi. This migration marks the beginning of Dubai as a separate Sheikhdom. What followed was 20 years of sporadic conflict as the ruler of Abu Dhabi fought to regain political control of Dubai.
Towards the end of the 19th century, there was a conflict between the Qawasim and Oman who were allied to Britain. The Qawasim was a successful and dominant tribal group who now provide the ruling families of both Sharjah and Ras Al Khaimah. They were a formidable maritime power. During this time incidents occurred between the Qawasim and vessels from the British East India Company. The British viewed these acts as piracy and were determined to limit the disruption to their important trade routes. The Qawasim saw this from the other side of the coin and were equally determined to retain their share of the lucrative trade routes to and from India.
Over the next few decades, British Naval vessels arrived from various stations in India to quash the Qawasim strongholds. After numerous skirmishes, in 1819 the British attacked Ras Al Khaimah. RAK and other Qawasim strongholds capitulated. The British then embarked on establishing a General Treaty of Peace with the leading Sheikhdoms along the coast. Trade became more stable, and the pearling industry began to establish itself along the Gulf coast. It was the pearling industry that led the various Sheikhdom’s including Dubai to sign a maritime peace agreement for the duration of each annual pearling season.
The British, still anxious to ensure stability and security along its trade routes, established a small naval force in the Persian Gulf and in 1830 a British Agent was appointed of Sharjah to represent British interests in the area.
By the beginning of the 20th century, the coastal Sheikhdom’s had increased their dominance of the interior of the area. Challenges by, amongst others the French and Russians to the dominance to the British control of the area was the catalyst for a number of treaties between the Sheikhdoms and the British. This had the effect of enhancing and confirming the separate authorities of the coastal Sheikhs.
At this time (1900) Dubai was well and truly established as a cosmopolitan settlement of approx 10,000 under the rule of Maktoum bin Hasher. Trade and the pearling industry continued to thrive. As the result of harsh customs measures imposed by the Iranian central government, much of the lucrative trade from India crossed the Gulf further enhancing the role of Dubai as a trading hub.
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